Como hicimos nuestro camino a través de romanos 5, nos enteramos de que estamos Unidos en Adán por nacimiento y estamos Unidos en Cristo por la gracia mediante la fe. A lo largo de romanos 5, Pablo nos enseñó que la muerte ha reinado desde el tiempo de Adán y que el pecado aumenta con la entrega de la ley durante el tiempo de Moisés. Con la entrega de la ley la gente se convirtió en mucho más consciente de su pecado como nosotros tomen conciencia que estamos acelerando si estamos conduciendo por la autopista y vemos un letrero que dice, "Límite de velocidad 55" mientras que miramos nuestro velocímetro y ver que estamos conduciendo 70. Pecado mayor con la entrega de la ley, Pero Pablo escribió en Romanos 5:20,
20 … Pero donde el pecado aumentó, gracia aumentado más... (Romanos 5:20 NIV)
Cabe duda de que algunos de los oyentes de Pablo eran como algunos de la gente que hoy escuchamos las palabras de Pablo y sus mentes comienzan a girar. Su pensamiento es algo como esto: "Si aumenta el pecado la gracia de Dios, entonces por qué no queremos pecar como todo lo que podamos para que la gracia de Dios vendrá por la carga de camiones?" Pablo no era ingenuo. Él sabía cómo rebelde el corazón humano puede ser, así que dirigió a esta lógica retorcida en Romanos 6. Echa un vistazo a los romanos 6:1-11 dice.
1 ¿Qué diremos, entonces? Perseveraremos en el pecado para que abunde la gracia? 2 De ninguna manera! Hemos muerto al pecado; Cómo podemos vivir en él más de largo? 3 O no sabéis que todos los bautizados en Cristo Jesús fueron bautizados en su muerte? 4 Por lo tanto fuimos enterrados con él a través del bautismo en la muerte a fin de que, así como Cristo fue resucitado de entre los muertos por la gloria del padre, también puede que vivamos una vida nueva. 5 Si hemos sido Unidos con él como en su muerte, vamos sin duda también, estar Unidos con él en su resurrección. 6 Porque sabemos que nuestro viejo hombre fue crucificado con él para que el cuerpo del pecado podría ser eliminado, que ya no debemos ser esclavos al pecado– 7 porque cualquier persona que ha muerto ha sido libertado del pecado. 8 Ahora bien, si hemos muerto con Cristo, Creemos que también viviremos con él. 9 Porque sabemos desde que Cristo fue resucitado de entre los muertos, él no puede morir otra vez; la muerte no tiene dominio sobre él. 10 La muerte de su muerte, al pecado murió una vez por todas; pero en cuanto vive, vive para Dios. 11 Del mismo modo, también vosotros consideraos muertos al pecado, pero vivos para Dios en Cristo Jesús. (Romanos 6:1-11 NIV)
Paul is addressing, what later became known as “antinomianism.” “Antinomianism” comes from two Greek words, “anti,” meaning “against,” and “nomos,” meaning “law.” Put the two words together and you get, “against the law.” The term was used by those who opposed the “anti law” crowd. Antinomians were, and are, those who believe that since we are saved by grace we don’t have to live a moral life. Those who try and twist their mind into believing this unbiblical teaching take isolated Scripture from God’s Word to support their stance. En Romanos 3:20-24, Pablo escribió,
20 Por tanto, nadie será justificado en presencia de Dios por hacer cumplir la ley; más bien, a través de la ley es el conocimiento del pecado. 21 Pero ahora la justicia de Dios, aparte de la ley, se ha hecho conocida, a los que la ley y los profetas dan testimonio. 22 Esta justicia de Dios por medio de la fe en Jesucristo, para todos los que creen. No hay diferencia, 23 por cuanto todos pecaron, y están destituidos de la gloria de Dios, 24 siendo justificados gratuitamente por su gracia, mediante la redención que es en Cristo Jesús. (Romanos 3:20-24 NIV)
Paul makes it very clear for us that keeping the law won’t get you and me in good standing with God. He also makes it clear that we are justified, por hacer lo correcto con Dios, “freely by God’s grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.” If keeping the commands of God won’t get us in the good graces of God then why try to keep God’s commands at all? If you “cut and paste” these verses next to Romans 5:20-21 then you can easily arrive at the conclusion that if we make every effort to sin as much as possible, instead of working to keep the law, then God’s grace will be poured out in abundance. How twisted our thinking can become!
As twisted as it may be, this type of thinking was present in Paul’s day and it is still with us in our day. Paul takes time to address his detractors in Romans 6.
1 ¿Qué diremos, entonces? Perseveraremos en el pecado para que abunde la gracia? 2 De ninguna manera! Hemos muerto al pecado; Cómo podemos vivir en él más de largo? (Romanos 6:1-2 NIV)
This verse is a great example of why it is so important to know the true meaning of words and the context in which they are being used. Te voy a enseñar lo que estoy hablando. Si usted echa un vistazo a verso 1 with me you will notice that Paul asks, “Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase?" He then answers the question by saying, "De ninguna manera! Hemos muerto al pecado; Cómo podemos vivir en él más de largo?"
The Greek phrase that is translated, "De ninguna manera!" is a very strong phrase that has been translated, “May it never be!" o “God forbid!" What Paul is saying is that even the thought that we should go on sinning given what God has done for us in Christ is preposterous! Does Paul mean that once we come to know Jesus as Lord and Savior that we will never sin again? Throughout the ages there have been those who have held to this view.
I remember when I was a brand new Christian. I was working a summer job at Halliburton in Duncan, OK. I met a man that summer who was a Christian. We were talking one day and he told me that he had not sinned since he became a Christian. Guau! I was in awe! I was a new Christian and I was struggling to live out what I was reading in God’s Word. The teachings of Jesus were so foreign to me since I had lived however I wanted to live for the first 18 años de mi vida. When he told me that he had not sinned since he had accepted Christ, I wondered if I was truly a Christian. Since that time I have realized that the man who told me about his sinless life was delusional and deceived. I’ve also wondered how he was able to convince himself that he had ceased sinning since Jesus came to live in his heart?
I discovered later on that there is a popular view that relates to the Scripture we are studying this morning that allows some folks to arrive at the position of my friend in Duncan. James Montgomery Boice dice,
It is an argument from analogy, and it usually goes something like this: What is it that most characterizes a dead body? It is that its senses cease to operate. It can no longer respond to stimuli. If you are walking along a street and see a dog lying on the curb and you are uncertain whether or not it is alive, all you have to do to find out is nudge it with your foot. If it immediately jumps up and runs away, it is alive. If it only lies there, it is dead. Del mismo modo (so this argument goes), the one who has died to sin is unresponsive to it. Sin does not touch such a person. When temptation comes, the true believer neither feels nor responds to the temptation. (James Montgomery Boice, Romanos: Volumen 2. p. 651)
How do those who hold this view come up with their reasoning? Bien, they take the word “died," utilizada en el versículo 2, very seriously. The word “died” used by Paul is a verb used in the “aorist” tense. This means that it refers to a single action that has taken place and has been completed in the past. Those who are in Christ died to sin when Christ died on the cross in our place. These folks take Paul’s words very seriously, but they fail to take the whole counsel of God into consideration when trying to understand Paul’s words. To understand what I am saying all you have to do is take a look at Romans 6:11-13.
11 Del mismo modo, también vosotros consideraos muertos al pecado, pero vivos para Dios en Cristo Jesús. 12 Por lo tanto, no reine el pecado en vuestro cuerpo mortal para que no obedezcáis sus malos deseos. 13 No ofrecemos las partes de su cuerpo al pecado, como instrumentos de iniquidad, sino más bien ofrecer vosotros mismos a Dios, como aquellos que han sido traídas de muerte a la vida; y ofrecerle las partes de su cuerpo como instrumentos de justicia. (Romanos 6:11-13 NIV)
If our struggle with sin was over, finished and done, then there would be no need for Paul to include this instruction. If we were now unresponsive to temptation and immune to sin then Paul wouldn’t need to tell his readers to not let sin reign in their mortal body so that they obey its evil desires. He wouldn’t need to say, “Do not offer the parts of your body to sin…”
Recuerde que, it is important to understand what words mean. Let’s turn our attention to the phrase, “Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase?" I want to take a moment to try and understand what it means to “go on sinning.” The King James Version reads, “Shall we continue in sin…” The New Living Translation reads, “Well then, should we keep on sinning so that God can show us more and more of his wonderful grace?" “Keep on sinning,” “go on sinning,” “continue in sin” –all of these translations are trying to capture the meaning of the Greek word, “evpimeno” which means, “to stay at or with, of tarrying in a place, to persevere,” or “denoting the action persisted in.” Let me show you a couple of places where this same word appears so that we can get a better grip on its meaning. Venga conmigo a Hechos 13:43 where the people urge Paul and Barnabas to “stay with it.”
43 When the congregation was dismissed, many of the Jews and devout converts to Judaism followed Paul and Barnabas, who talked with them and urged them to continue in the grace of God. (Hechos 13:43 NIV)
The people wanted Paul to stay in the grace of God. They didn’t urge them to not only appeal to God’s grace when they were in trouble or when they had messed up—but to remain, stay steadfast, in the grace of God.
Ahora, let’s turn to 1 Corintios 16:7-9 and we will read about Paul’s plans to visit the Church in Corinth. Pablo escribe,
7 I do not want to see you now and make only a passing visit; I hope to spend some time with you, if the Lord permits. 8 But I will stay on at Ephesus until Pentecost, 9 because a great door for effective work has opened to me, and there are many who oppose me. (1 Corintios 16:7-9 NIV)
The word we are looking at appears twice in this passage: once in verse 7 where Paul says that he doesn’t want to make only a passing visit, but that he wants to spend some time with the folks in Corinth—he wants to stay with them for awhile. It appears again in verse 8 where Paul says that he will “stay on” in Ephesus until Pentecost. He is going to stay there, plant himself in Ephesus, por un tiempo. Can you see that there is willful, intentionality behind this word?
When Paul asks, “Shall we go on sinning…” he is speaking about willful, intentional sinning as the given, acceptable lifestyle of the believer. It was this kind of lifestyle that characterized those written about in Jude 1:4. Escucha esto.
4 Para ciertos hombres cuya condena fue escrito sobre hace mucho tiempo han deslizado secretamente en vosotros. Ellos son hombres impíos, que cambian la gracia de nuestro Dios en una licencia para la inmoralidad y negar a Jesucristo nuestro único soberano y Señor. (Jude 1:4 NIV)
It is not too hard to figure out that those who are mentioned in Jude are not living as though they had “died to sin.” They were living like the antinomians, using God’s grace as a license to sin in every conceivable way.
Déjeme hacerle una pregunta: Si, en Romanos 6, Paul is not teaching us to sin all the more so that God’s grace may increase and he is not teaching us that we will never sin again once we become a follower of Jesus, then what is Paul teaching? How can we understand and live out his teaching in Romans 6? For us to understand this we have to go back to Romans 5 to help us lay the foundation for Romans 6.
Si usted recuerda, en Romanos 5, Paul taught about our identification in Adam and our identification in Jesus as the representatives of old humanity and new humanity. Paul showed us that just as we were united in Adam, so that his sin and death became our sin and death, so we, those who have trusted in Jesus, have been united with Him. In Jesus death for sin we died to sin and His victory becomes our victory. Pablo escribió en Gálatas 2:20.
20 He sido crucificado con Cristo y ya no vivo yo, sino que Cristo vive en mí. Y lo que ahora vivo en la carne, Yo vivo en la fe del Hijo de Dios, el cual me amó y se entregó a sí mismo por mí. (Gálatas 2:20 NIV)
Paul says that he has been crucified with Christ. En Romanos 6, Paul goes beyond Jesus’ crucifixion to Jesus’ burial. Pablo escribe en Romanos 6:3,
3 O no sabéis que todos los bautizados en Cristo Jesús fueron bautizados en su muerte? 4 Por lo tanto fuimos enterrados con él a través del bautismo en la muerte a fin de que, así como Cristo fue resucitado de entre los muertos por la gloria del padre, también puede que vivamos una vida nueva. (Romanos 6:3-4 NIV)
All of us who have been baptized have been baptized into Jesus’ death. That is a strange statement to the ears of most of us today. Por qué esto es así? Bien, I believe it is because we have lost touch with the power, the incredible power of our baptism. Let me make clear to you that being baptized has never saved one person. I know there are those who disagree with me, but we have learned in Romans that salvation is by grace through faith, not by baptism. Don’t let that statement lead you to believe that baptism is unimportant.
En Romanos 6, Paul paints for us a powerful picture of our identification with Jesus. Jesus was crucified, Murió, and He was buried in a borrowed tomb. When we are baptized, laid in a watery grave, we identify ourselves with what Jesus has already done on our behalf.
Every time I have the opportunity to meet with someone before their baptism I read to them this passage of Scripture from Romans 6. It is such an important passage of Scripture to help us understand that when we come to Jesus we attend our funeral. Our old way of thinking and living comes to an end. We willingly die to our old self and our life becomes “hidden in Him.” When we enter into the waters of baptism and we are buried beneath its waters we are laying our old self to rest in the watery grave of our baptism. Charles Haddon Spurgeon escribió,
My burial with Christ means not only that he died for me, but that I died in him, so that my death with him needs a burial with him. (Charles Haddon Spurgeon)
Paul is not teaching us that baptism saves us, that would be contradictory to everything he has taught us so far in his letter to the Romans, but he is using our baptism to illustrate for us our death and burial, the death and burial of our life of sin. He doesn’t stop at the grave though. Pablo continúa en Romanos 6:5-7 dice,
5 Si hemos sido Unidos con él como en su muerte, vamos sin duda también, estar Unidos con él en su resurrección. 6 Porque sabemos que nuestro viejo hombre fue crucificado con él para que el cuerpo del pecado podría ser eliminado, que ya no debemos ser esclavos al pecado– 7 porque cualquier persona que ha muerto ha sido libertado del pecado. (Romanos 6:5-7 NIV)
When we come to Jesus and place our faith in what He has done for us, we renounce our old life, we die to our old way of living, and we are given a new life in Christ. Why are we crucified in Christ? Why are we buried with Him in His death? So that we will no longer be slaves to sin and so that we can become slaves to God, obedient to God.
Before coming to Jesus we had no other options—sin was our master and we obeyed our master to the n-ésima grado. We didn’t have to plan to sin, it came naturally to us, todos y cada uno de nosotros. Ahora, some of you may disagree with me and argue that you live a pretty good life. «Pretty good» doesn’t cut it on God’s scale of “good” my friends. If our goal is to lift 1,000 lbs over our heads then some of us may do better than others. By that I mean that some of us might be able to hoist 100 lbs over our head or even 300 o 500 libra, but the fact of the matter is that 1,000 lbs will crush every one of us. And so it is with sin. You may appear more righteous on the outside, in your public persona, than others, but deep in your heart and in your mind sin is crushing you and you know it.
When we come to Jesus our old self is crucified with Him so that the power of sin may be broken in your life and mine. ¿Cómo sucede esto? That is a great, important question! Pablo escribe en Romanos 6:8-11.
8 Ahora bien, si hemos muerto con Cristo, Creemos que también viviremos con él. 9 Porque sabemos desde que Cristo fue resucitado de entre los muertos, él no puede morir otra vez; la muerte no tiene dominio sobre él. 10 La muerte de su muerte, al pecado murió una vez por todas; pero en cuanto vive, vive para Dios. 11 Del mismo modo, también vosotros consideraos muertos al pecado, pero vivos para Dios en Cristo Jesús. (Romanos 6:8-11 NIV)
We are no longer living on our own, mastered by sin, but we are living with Him. Cristo vive en nosotros. Jesus told His followers that He would never leave them or forsake them. He told them that when He left this earth that He would send the Holy Spirit of God to empower them and remind them of all of the things that He had taught them. In Corinthians Paul reminded the brothers and sisters of their identity when he wrote,
19 ¿O no sabéis que vuestro cuerpo es templo del Espíritu Santo, que está en vosotros, el cual tenéis de Dios? Usted no es su propia; 20 fueron comprados por un precio. Por lo tanto honrar a Dios con su cuerpo. (1 Corintios 6:19-20 NIV)
We now have resources that we never had before we came to know Jesus as our Lord and Savior. Now that we know all of this, how can we ever turn back to our old way of living? Why would we even think of turning back to our old way of living, nuestra vieja manera de pensar?
Dying and rising with Jesus to a victorious life is a theme that permeates the New Testament. En Colosenses 3:1-3, the folks in Colosse were reminded by Paul of their new life in Jesus by saying,
1 Desde, entonces, habéis resucitado con Cristo, buscad las cosas de arriba, donde Cristo está sentado a la diestra de Dios. 2 Poned la mira en las cosas de arriba, no en las cosas terrenales. 3 Por ti murió, y su vida está ahora escondida con Cristo en Dios. (Colosenses 3:1-3 NIV)
Paul doesn’t tell the folks in Colosse to get rid of their «stinkin’ thinkin’» or to get an attitude adjustment in their own strength. Pablo dice, “Because this has happened, because you have been raised with Christ, live out your new life, set your mind on the things above and not on earthly things.” You see the precedent is set in place. The transformation has already occurred, now live in your new reality, live out your destiny, and your destiny is in Christ.
Where do I get this type of thinking from? Bien, Estoy feliz que lo preguntas. It comes from Romans 6:10-11 where Paul lets us know that Jesus died to sin, not His own sin, but for our sin. As a result of what has already taken place we are to “count ourselves dead to sin, but alive to God.” The key to understanding this command is found in the word, “count.” The Greek word that is translated “count” is the word, “logizomai” and it means, "A tener en cuenta, to take into account,” or “to consider.” Used here in Romans 6:11 it means to think about and to take into consideration. There are a couple of other places I want to show you where the word means the same thing. Echa un vistazo a los romanos 8:18 dice.
18 Considero que las aflicciones del tiempo presente no son comparables con la gloria que será revelada en nosotros. (Romanos 8:18 NIV)
Ahora, any of you who have encountered suffering know that when the pain, ansiedad, and questions overwhelm your mind it can be paralyzing. Your vision, your thought processes, can become so narrow so that you can’t see beyond today and your present suffering. For you to have the mindset that Paul is expressing for us you must “consider,” it is imperative that you regain control of your out-of-control thoughts and focus them on the fact that God is still God and He is at work, even in our suffering. You have to consciously think God-driven thoughts so that we can echo Paul and say that “our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us.” Usted puede decir, “That is so hard.” No, es imposible. Unless, your life is hidden in Christ and He is empowering you to set your mind on the things above.
The second Scripture I want us to look at is found in Philippians 4:8. mire conmigo.
8 Finalmente, hermanos, lo que es cierto, lo que es noble, lo que sea justo, lo que es puro, lo que es hermoso, lo que es admirable– Si algo es excelente o digno de elogio– pensar en esas cosas. (Filipenses 4:8 NIV)
“Think about such things.” Aquí está de nuevo. Set your mind. Focus your thoughts. Consider godliness, santidad, and the things of God rather than the base and banal things of this world. When you are deluged with the negative stuff, the sensual stuff, the self-centered sermons that come to you through every avenue each and every day, how do you think about what is true, noble, puro, and praiseworthy? Recuerde que, your life is hidden in Christ, your old life has been crucified and buried with Him. You have been raised to a new life, una nueva forma de pensar, a new way of talking, and a new way of doing life. Live the life that you have been given. Consider yourself dead to sin, even though sin is still alive and well in our world today.
There are some of us who are here this morning who are still living life on our own. Let me urge you today to turn to Christ, entrega tu vida a él, and allow Him to bury your old life so that He might raise you to a new life. There are others of you who are here this morning and you have professed faith in Jesus, you may have even been baptized in water, and it is evident that you are attending worship—yet you are like the antinomians and your life no more reflects the holiness and righteousness of Jesus than those who don’t profess any faith. You are not living in your new reality and my question is, "¿Por qué?” Why would you turn back to your old way of living when Jesus has made a way for you to walk in newness of life? Do you honestly believe that you can say that you are Jesus’ follower and yet follow your old way of living? De ninguna manera! Es imposible! If you are in Christ, if you have tasted of the sweetness of fellowship with the Savior, then there is no way that you would ever want to go back to your old way of living. Won’t you confess your wayward heart this morning, turn from your ways, and begin to walk in newness of life?
Britton Christian Church
922 NW 91a
OKC, OK. 73114
Noviembre 5, 2013