A lo largo de la historia, en las culturas y comunidades en todo el mundo, pan ha sido la más básica Fuente de alimentación. Los esclavos hebreos comieron "matzo,"o pan sin levadura antes de que empacaron sus maletas y comenzaron su viaje a la tierra prometida. Desde el momento de la construcción del templo había siempre 12 barras de pan, que representa el 12 tribus de Israel, sentado en la mesa de la Proposición, en las afueras del lugar santo. Cada sábado los panes fueron sustituidos por 12 panes recién horneados. En los tiempos bíblicos, el gobierno romano dio grano gratis a los pobres por lo que podría hacer el pan y sostener a sus familias. Pan ha sido el personal de la vida de personas alrededor del mundo durante miles de años.
Hoy, personas como el Dr.. Sanjaya Rajaram, que dentro de la semana pasada recibida el 2014 Premio Mundial de alimentación, conocido como el "Noble premio para alimentos y agricultura,"Trabajamos para desarrollar nuevas formas para producir más pan para la población del mundo. Dr. Rajaram ha desarrollado a lo largo 480 variedades de "trigo pan" que son de mayor rendimiento y más la sequía y resistente a la enfermedad. Puede llamar baguette en Francia, tortillas en México, Bing en China, focaccia en Italia, hallulla en Chile, himbasha en Etiopía, Kulcha en India, pandesal en Filipinas, roti en Pakistán, o ol buena’ Sra. De Baird aquí en Oklahoma, pero el pan es la más básica Fuente de sustento a la humanidad.
En Juan 6, we’ve already seen Jesus feed the hungry crowd with five loaves and two fish in a miracle that defies explanation. The crowd followed Him wanting more. En nuestra Escritura para hoy, se encuentra en Juan 6:29-36, we will learn about a different kind of bread that will satisfy the deepest hunger of your life and mine. Vamos a leer nuestra escritura para hoy.
29 Respondió Jesús:, «La obra de Dios es: creer en que él ha enviado.» 30 Así que le preguntaron, «What sign then will you give that we may see it and believe you? Qué vas a hacer? 31 Our ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness; como está escrito:: ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.'» 32 Jesús les dijo:, «Muy verdaderamente te digo, no es Moisés quien le ha dado el pan del cielo, pero es mi padre que le da el verdadero pan del cielo. 33 For the bread of God is the bread that comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.» 34 «Señor,» dijeron, «always give us this bread.» 35 Entonces Jesús declaró, «Yo soy el pan de vida. Quien no viene a mí nunca pasará hambre, y que no cree en mí nunca tendrá sed. 36 Pero como te dije, me has visto y todavía no te lo crees. (Juan 6:29-36 NIV)
The people had asked, “What work must we do to do the work of God?" Jesús dijo:, “Believe in the one he has sent.” The people were wanting to know what they must do, what work they needed to perform, how many times a month they needed to go to church, how many doors they had to knock on, on a Saturday morning, how many verses they had to memorize a week, or how long their quiet time had to be to win God’s approval? Jesús dijo:, “Believe in Me. Trust in Me. Listen to Me. Sígueme. Cling to Me. When you’re ideas, assumptions, and desires come into conflict with what I desire…Trust Me.”
La gente, after hearing Jesus urge them to believe in Him, dicen, “Why don’t you give us a sign so we can believe in you? What will you do for us? Qué vas a hacer?” Don’t you find it rather ironic that these same folks who were asking Jesus to show them a “sign” were the same people who just the day before witnessed one of the most amazing miracles ever in the feeding of the 5,000? The miracle wasn’t enough. It wasn’t enough that Jesus had met their needs yesterday, He needed to show them that He could meet their needs today, and each and everyday for that matter. Before we are too quick to condemn the people who were demanding a new sign from Jesus, we need to stop and think about ourselves. Isn’t one of our biggest questions for Jesus, “What will you do for me?” We would never verbalize it, we’d never let anyone know what we’re thinking, but deep inside we want to know how following Jesus will benefit us? Don’t believe that’s accurate? Then answer the following questions, «How do you respond to God when you don’t get what you want?» Do you question and fuss or pray and trust?
I don’t want to get bogged down on periphery lessons and miss the opportunity to share the heart of this Scripture this morning so let’s move on. Let’s focus on John 6:30-31 for a few minutes. Lean conmigo.
30 Así que le preguntaron, «What sign then will you give that we may see it and believe you? Qué vas a hacer? 31 Our ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness; como está escrito:: ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.'» (Juan 6:30-31 NIV)
Some Bible teachers say that there is background information that we need to know about the people’s response to Jesus. They say the people were echoing things they had heard their rabbis teach. The rabbis were teaching that when Messiah comes he will replicate the miracle of Moses in the Wilderness. You remember how the Lord fed His people through the 40 years of wandering around in the Wilderness don’t you? He fed them manna and quail, 6 días a la semana, para 40 años! The food assistance program started because the people were complaining about being hungry. Dijeron, “If only we had died in Egypt! At least we had something to eat there.” In response to their complaining, God spoke to Moses and said, «I will rain down bread from heaven for you…" (Éxodo 16:4 NIV) In several Midrash, or Jewish commentaries, the rabbis speak about the manna to come. In Midrash Rabbah Eccl. 1:9 leemos, “As the first redeemer caused manna to descend…so will the latter redeemer cause manna to descend.” There may be some truth to this hypothesis about the people echoing what their rabbis were teaching, but I seriously doubt that Jesus was surrounded by a bunch of 1st century theologians. I think something much more basic, more fundamental to the human condition, was going on amongst the crowd. Something like this, «We want what we want.» That has been the very fabric and fiber of people since the Fall took place in Genesis 3. The people wanted Jesus to do something for them, they wanted Him to feed them, to show them a sign, to convince them that He was the Messiah. Dijeron, "Que harás?"
Jesus didn’t answer their question, but He did set the record straight, it wasn’t Moses who had given their ancestors bread during those 40 años. Echa un vistazo a John 6:32-34 dice.
32 Jesús les dijo:, «Muy verdaderamente te digo, no es Moisés quien le ha dado el pan del cielo, pero es mi padre que le da el verdadero pan del cielo. 33 For the bread of God is the bread that comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.» 34 «Señor,» dijeron, «always give us this bread.» (Juan 6:32-34 NIV)
Jesus made two statements: The first statement is very clear—it wasn’t Moses who had supplied the bread, fue Dios. The second statement is a hint of what is to come. The manna in the Wilderness was not the true bread of God. The manna that came down from heaven while the Hebrews were wandering in the Wilderness only sustained for a little while. Each day they had to gather up more manna to make it through the day. Un poco más adelante en Juan 6, Jesús dice, “Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died.” (Juan 6:49 NIV) Y luego, sólo nueve versículos después, Jesús dijo:,
58 …Sus antepasados comieron Maná y murieron, pero quien se alimenta de este pan vivirá para siempre.» (Juan 6:58b NVI)
The people ate the manna provided by God, but it only provided momentary satisfaction. The manna was a gift from God, the provision of God, and yet everyone who ate the manna in the Wilderness eventually died.
Jesus was a Master teacher. He used the everyday stuff of life to teach really important, eternally significant, lessons to those who had “ears to hear.” Let me give you an illustration about what I’m talking about by going back to John 4 and the woman at the well. You remember the story. There was a Samaritan woman who had come to draw water. Estaba sediento . Each and every person who has ever lived can relate because we have all experienced what it feels like to be thirsty. Her thirst went much deeper than her need for water. She had been married five times and the man she was currently with wasn’t her husband. Jesus told her that He would give her "Agua viva" and she would never thirst again. The woman was “all in.” Jesus said,
13 Respondió Jesús:, «Todo el que beba de esta agua volverá a tener sed, 14 pero el que beba del agua que yo les doy no tendrá sed. En Efecto, el agua que yo le daré será en él una fuente de agua que brota para vida eterna.» (Juan 4:13-14 NIV)
The woman was looking to Jesus for utilitarian purposes. If Jesus knew how she could get an endless supply of water and never have to walk to the well again, she was his new best friend! Juan nos dice esto,
15 La mujer le dijo:, «Señor, Dame esta agua para que no tienen sed y tiene que venir aquí a sacar agua.» (Juan 4:15 NIV)
La mujer dijo, “Give me water!” The people said, “Give us bread!” Jesus used these most basic human needs to teach people about their deepest need in life. Have you ever considered that your desires, quiere, and needs might possibly be an indicator, a reminder to you and me about our deepest need in life? When we get hungry we find something to eat. When we are thirsty we search for something to drink. Could God possibly have something deeper in mind for you and me when we experience these physical needs? Let me use Jesus as an example to illustrate the point I’m trying to make.
En Mateo 4, Jesus had been out in the wilderness, fasting for 40 días y noches, when Satan came to tempt Him. What do you think Jesus’ most dire need was after having fasted for 40 días y noches? Mira Mateo 4:3-4 dice.
3 Vino a él el tentador y dijo, «Si eres el hijo de Dios, Dile a estas piedras que se conviertan en pan.» 4 Respondió Jesús:, «Está escrito: ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, sino de toda palabra que sale de la boca de Dios.'» (Mateo 4:3-4 NIV)
Satan hit Jesus where He was most vulnerable—He was hungry. When Satan tempted Jesus to turn the stones into bread. Jesus remembered a Sunday school lesson He had learned as a boy, but was now putting into practice. Jesús dijo:, “Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.” This is a quote from Deuteronomy 8:3 where God told His people that there was a purpose why He fed them when they were hungry all of those years in the Wilderness. Escucha esto, it will blow your mind.
3 Y te afligió, y te hizo tener hambre, y te sustentó con maná, que ni tú ni tus antepasados habían conocido, para hacerte saber que el hombre no vive solamente de pan, sino de toda palabra que sale de la boca de Jehová. (Deuteronomio 8:3 NIV)
Usted puede preguntarse, “Why did God feed the people back in Exodus? Was it because they complained and He got tired of hearing them gripe?” Not at all, He used their natural hunger to teach them a greater lesson, “You need My Word even more than you need the manna I’m giving you.”
Oh, we desperately need to learn this lesson my friends. When we feel our souls growling and we think that we need whatever it is that we’ve set our sights on, we need to remind ourselves that our craving, our hunger, the growling of our souls is only symptomatic of a deeper hunger—a hunger for God.
I watched an episode of Extreme Weight Loss la semana pasada. I’m going to make a confession this morning—I’ve got a «man crush» on Chris Powell. I love his passion, his heart to help people, and the way that he doesn’t pull any punches with those he’s working with to help them lose weight. This past week Chris was working with a songwriter from Nashville named Jayce. Jayce had been going through a nasty divorce and custody battle for seven long years. During that time he put on 100 libra. During those seven years, every time Jayce got stressed about the mess that his life had become he ran to food and cigarettes. They became his “strong tower” of peace to help him relieve his stress. They didn’t work. They were killing him.
Just as “bread” can’t sustain us, neither can anything else in all of creation. We feel stressed, we feel lonely, we feel empty, we feel depressed and we run to people, experiencias, sustancias, or some form of escape to try and bring us peace and relief, but they only mask the mess momentarily. When we take our pain, estrés, vacío, Soledad, depresión, and whatever else it is that causes our souls to growl to God then we can experience a fullness that nothing else can provide. We can feast upon the fullness of our Savior and find lasting satisfaction.
I want to share something with you that is vitally important. God intends for us to turn to Him each and every moment of each and every day, not just when we are going through trials. He desires for us to experience His abundance at all times. Déjeme darte un ejemplo.
I shared with you the encounter Jesus had with the woman at the well. Jesus wasn’t depressed, He wasn’t anxiety ridden like He was in the Garden of Gethsemane, He was ministering to a woman in need. The disciples came onto the scene and they knew it had been a long time since Jesus had eaten anything. En Juan 4:31-34 leemos acerca de lo que sucedió a continuación.
31 Mientras tanto sus discípulos le instó a, «Rabino, comer algo.» 32 Pero él les dijo:, «Tengo comida para comer que no sabes nada sobre.» 33 Entonces sus discípulos se dijeron uno al otro, «Podría alguien haber contado con él alimentos?» 34 «Mi comida,» Jesús dijo:, «es hacer la voluntad de aquel que me envió y acabar su obra. (Juan 4:31-34 NIV)
Jesús, though He hadn’t eaten physical food, was full. ¿Por qué? Because He knew a fullness and satisfaction in doing His Father’s will that no Vegas buffet line or «5 star» restaurant can ever deliver! “My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work.”
Let’s close out our time together this morning by taking a look at John 6:34-35 where Jesus makes the first of seven “I am” statements found in the Gospel of John. Lean conmigo.
33 For the bread of God is the bread that comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.» 34 «Señor,» dijeron, «always give us this bread.» 35 Entonces Jesús declaró, «Yo soy el pan de vida. Quien no viene a mí nunca pasará hambre, y que no cree en mí nunca tendrá sed. (Juan 6:34-35 NIV)
La gente, como la mujer en el pozo, dicen, “Sir always give us this bread.” Jesús dijo:, “I am the bread of life.” Jesus didn’t come to give them bread, Él es el pan de vida. I want to show you something that is so powerful that it should fill our hearts with awe. Vea el versículo 35 dice. Find the phrase where Jesus says, “I am the bread of life.” The sentence, en griego, comienza "??? ????" (ego eimi). Translated into English it literally reads, "Yo soy, I am the bread of life.” That probably doesn’t sound too earth shattering to you, but give me a minute and it will. lo que es realmente interesante acerca de esta frase griega que se encuentra en la traducción griega de la Biblia hebrea, llamada la Septuaginta, en Éxodo 3:14 where God revealed Himself to Moses. Vamos a leer ese versículo juntos.
14 Dios dijo a Moisés:, «YO SOY EL QUE SOY. Esto es lo que tienes que decirles a los israelitas: 'YO SOY me ha enviado a vosotros. "» (Éxodo 3:14 NIV)
Jesús, in saying, "Yo soy el pan de vida" is also saying I am God, I’m the true Bread, I’m the One who gives life to all who will receive the true Bread. Like the manna that came down from heaven, Jesus came down to give life to all who will feast upon Him.
I want you to think about something as we prepare to leave here this morning. There are seven places in the 6th chapter of John where Jesus says He came down from heaven. Let me just read you a couple. Gire al verso 51 dice.
51 «I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he shall live forever; and the bread also which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.» (Juan 6:51 NAS)
58 «This is the bread which came down out of heaven; not as the fathers ate, y murió, he who eats this bread shall live forever.» (Juan 6:58 NAS)
Jesus came down from heaven. Why did He come? He came for you that’s why He came. He came for me. We are as lost as lost can be apart from Jesus. We will continue on our endless search for meaning and satisfaction for the rest of our lives and come up disappointed time and time again. The people you think will complete you, satisfy you, will leave you hungry. The accumulation of stuff will excite you for a moment, but in the end you will hunger again. The experiences you long for will thrill you for awhile, but you’ll be left singing the blues like B.B. King who testified, “The thrill is gone!” Religion promises to bring peace and tranquility, but religion is nothing more than man’s attempt to catch God’s attention. You will wear yourself out trying to be good, but in the end you will still be hungry.
In the midst of our mess Jesus has come down to us. Ravi Zacharias, in his book Jesus Among Other Gods, gives so clearly shows the difference between Jesus and all of the other religious leaders. Él escribe,
At the heart of every major religion is a leading exponent. As the exposition is studied, something very significant emerges. There comes a bifurcation, or a distinction, between the person and the teaching—Mohammed, to the Koran. Buda, to the Noble Path. Krishna, to his philosophizing. Zoroaster, to his ethics. Whatever we may make of their claims, one reality is inescapable. They are teachers who point to their teaching or show some particular way. In all of these, there emerges an instruction, una manera de vivir…it is Zoroaster to whom you listen. It is not Buddha who delivers you; it is his Noble Truths that instruct you. It isnot Mohammed who transforms you; it is the beauty of the Koran that woos you. By contrast, Jesus did not only teach or expound His message. He was identical with His message …He did not just proclaim the truth. El dijo, “I am the truth.” He did not just show a way. El dijo, “I am the way.” He did not just open up vistas. El dijo, “I am the door.” “I am the Good Shepherd.” “I am the resurrection and the life.” “I am the I AM'» In Him is not just the offer of life’s bread. He is the bread. (Zacharias, Ravi. Jesús entre otros dioses. p. 89-90).
Tengo que preguntar esta mañana, "Tienes hambre?” Is there a growling in your soul that just can’t seem to be satisfied? I want to invite you this morning to receive the Bread of Life. He will fill your deepest longing, He will satisfy your insatiable appetite for meaning and satisfaction, and He will never leave you, not for a minute, para el resto de tu vida. Won’t you believe what He says and surrender your life to Him this very morning?
Britton Christian Church
922 NW 91a
OKC, OK. 73114
Junio 22, 2014